Andy Kirk and his Twelve Clouds of Joy posing on stage for a photo. Musicians include Mary Lou Williams at the piano, John Harrington holding a saxophone, Ben Webster holding a saxophone, Pha Terrell (musical director) holding a conducting baton, John Williams holding a saxophone, Ben Thigpen sitting at a drum set, Harry Lawson holding a trumpet, Ted Brinson holding a guitar, Irving "Mouse" Randolph holding a trumpet, Kirk (leader) sitting next to a tuba, Ted Donnelly holding a trombone, and Earl Thomson holding a trumpet.
On September 23, 1923, the Bennie Moten Orchestra made its first recording consisting of eight songs. By strict musical standards, the songs themselves were unrefined and not much removed from existing blues music. But the Bennie Moten Orchestra would soon build upon its earliest recordings to develop a distinct Kansas City style of jazz that later dominated the jazz scene in the late 1930s and 1940s.